The workshop will involve participants in the discussion on the use of Extended Reality (XR) technologies for the design of PSS. 

XR is an umbrella term for Mixed Reality (MR), VR, and AR that stresses the dynamic, blended, and continuous nature of the new virtual worlds and the real one – which makes it possible to integrate digital information and real-world data through Digital Twins and exploiting visualization and immersive experiences capabilities.

The workshop will involve researchers, investigators and practitioners in a dialogue on how XR technologies are envisioned to benefit the PSS concept generation process, from sketching to design reviews, facilitating an open dialogue in the team. Participants will be divided into smaller groups to have a hands-on experience – and then reflect upon – how immersive virtual worlds can blend reality and digital artefacts to provide a feeling of presence and support synchronous/asynchronous communication among designers, either co-located or remotely. 

The workshop will also discuss the challenges of shifting from a computer-aided design (CAD) workflow to an XR-supported one when designing the PSS hardware. It will address the ‘switching cost’ issue for XR applications in a multi-user setting. Eventually, it will discuss the designers’ expectations and wishes when interacting with the virtual world (e.g., being able to manipulate an artefact using a head-mounted device in AR), moving past ‘passive interactions’ where individuals simply stare at a digital artefact.


  • Introduction to the workshop aim and activities (5 min)
  • Keynote: “Extended Reality in PSS design: why, what, how?” (15 min)
  • Hands-on experience of an XR demo for PSS design in the mining industry (20-45 min depending on the number of participants)
  • Coffee break (15 min)
  • Roundtable group discussion (30-45 min depending on the number of participants).
  • Concluding elevator pitches from the groups (15 min, 5 min per group). 

Time and date

  • Session SIG 2-04, July 24th 2023, 13:45-16:45

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